the transducer probe is the main part of the ultrasound machine. the transducer probe makes the sound waves and receives the echoes. it is, so to speak, the mouth and ears of the ultrasound machine. transducer probes come in many shapes and sizes. the shape of the probe determines its field of view, and the frequency of emitted sound waves determines how deep the sound waves penetrate and the resolution of the image. in addition to probes that can be moved across the surface of the body, some probes are designed to be inserted through various openings of the body (vagina, rectum, esophagus) so that they can get closer to the organ being examined (uterus, prostate gland, stomach); getting closer to the organ can allow for more detailed views.